動詞の変化

Verb Conjugation

Jump Directly To:

This section provides an introduction to the dynamics of Japanese verbs, how they are conjugated and their usage in Japanese. In Japanese the verb always comes at the end of the clause or sentence.

-させる / -せる (-saseru/-seru, causative form)
The causative form denotes that the modified verb is being forced upon the subject (usually by the speaker unless otherwise stated). To make the causative form of a group 1 verb, just add -させる to the verb base. To make the passive form of a group 2 verb, use the "a" formative and add -せる:

Group 1 - Vowel Stem Verbs
 見る
[miru]
 見させる
[misaseru]
 見させます
[misasemasu]
 食べる 
[taberu]
 食べさせる
[tabesaseru]
 食べさせます
[tabesasemasu]
 
Group 2 - Consonant Stem Verbs
 話す
[hanasu]
 話させる
[hanasaseru]
 話させます
[hanasasemasu]
 飛ぶ
[tobu]
 飛ばせる
[tobaseru]
 飛ばせます
[tobasemasu]
 読む
[yomu]
 読ませる
[yomaseru]
 読ませます
[yomasemasu]
 死ぬ
[shinu]
 死なせる
[shinaseru]
 死なせます
[shinasemasu]
 聞く
[kiku]
 聞かせる
[kikaseru]
 聞かせます
[kikasemasu]
 泳ぐ
[oyogu]
 泳がせる
[oyogaseru]
 泳がせます
[oyogasemasu]
 待つ
[matsu]
 待たせる
[mataseru]
 待たせます
[matasemasu]
 習う
[narau]
 習わせる
[narawaseru]
 習わせます
[narawasemasu]
 座る
[suwaru]
 座らせる
[suwaraseru]
 座らせます
[suwarasemasu]
 
Group 3 - Irregular Verbs
 する
[suru]
 させる
[saseru]
 させます
[sasemasu]
 来る
[kuru]
 来させる
[kosaseru]
 来させます
[kosasemasu]
 行く
[iku]
 行かせる
[ikaseru]
 行かせます
[ikasemasu]

  1. あのやろうにドレスを着ながら公園で踊らせた。
      [ano yarou ni doresu o kinagara kouen de odoraseta.]
      I made that jerk dance in the park while wearing a dress.
 
  2. 弟に宿題をさせました。
      [otouto ni shukudai o sasemashita.]
      I forced my younger brother to do his homework.



ホーム  平仮名と片仮名  日本語の名詞  日本語の助詞  だ/です
ある/ いる  形容詞の変化  動詞の変化  漢字辞典  日本語クイズ

This page and all content is ©1998-2017 Scott Lyons. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Validation: XHTML CSS